Record Details

Muangkram, Yuttamol;Amano, Akira;Wajjwalku, Worawidh;Pinyopummintr, Tanu;Thongtip, Nikorn;Kaolim, Nongnid;Sukmak, Manakorn;Kamolnorranath, Sumate;Siriaroonrat, Boripat;Tipkantha, Wanlaya;Others,
Genetic diversity of the captive Asian tapir population in Thailand, based on mitochondrial control region sequence data and the comparison of its nucleotide structure with Brazilian tapir
Mitochondrial DNA Part A
Journal Article
Animals;Brazil;DNA, Mitochondrial/*genetics;Endangered Species;Genetic Variation;Mitochondria/genetics;Perissodactyla/*classification/genetics;Phylogeny;*Polymorphism, Genetic;Sequence Analysis, DNA/*methods;Thailand;*D-loop;*Malayan tapir;*Tapirus indicus;*genetic variation;*mitochondrial DNA
The Asian tapir (Tapirus indicus) has been classified as Endangered on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (2008). Genetic diversity data provide important information for the management of captive breeding and conservation of this species. We analyzed mitochondrial control region (CR) sequences from 37 captive Asian tapirs in Thailand. Multiple alignments of the full-length CR sequences sized 1268 bp comprised three domains as described in other mammal species. Analysis of 16 parsimony-informative variable sites revealed 11 haplotypes. Furthermore, the phylogenetic analysis using median-joining network clearly showed three clades correlated with our earlier cytochrome b gene study in this endangered species. The repetitive motif is located between first and second conserved sequence blocks, similar to the Brazilian tapir. The highest polymorphic site was located in the extended termination associated sequences domain. The results could be applied for future genetic management based in captivity and wild that shows stable populations.