Record Details

Jin, C. Z.;Qin, D. G.;Pan, W. S.;Tang, Z. L.;Liu, J. Y.;Wang, Y.;Deng, C. L.;Zhang, Y. Q.;Dong, W.;Tong, H. W.
A newly discovered Gigantopithecus fauna from Sanhe Cave, Chongzuo, Guangxi, South China
Chinese Science Bulletin
Journal Article
Chongzuo;Guangxi;Sanhe Cave;early Pleistocene;Gigantopithecus fauna;MAMMALIAN FOSSILS;BUBING BASIN;TEETH
Among the most important faunas in the Late Cenozoic, the Gigantopithecus faunas have received a good deal of attention. The Gigantopithecus fauna recently discovered in Sanhe Cave consists of more than 80 mammal species, including cf. Hominidae, Pongo sp., Hylobates sp., Sinomastodon yangziensis, Stegodon preorientalis, Cervavitus fenqii, Dicoryphochoerus ultimus and Sus xiaozhu. It is the southernmost Gigantopithecus fauna found so far in China. Its geological age is estimated to be Early Pleistocene based on the fauna and stratigraphic correlation. The significant increase in the estimated body sizes of Ailuropoda, Gigantopithecus and Tapirus shows that the Sanhe fauna is middle Early Pleistocene, later than those from Wushan and Liucheng (early Early Pleistocene). Paleomagnetic dating of the fossil-bearing strata in Sanhe Cave gives an age of approximately 1.2 Ma. The fauna is characterized by tropical-subtropical forest types, including Pongo sp., Tupaia sp., Ia sp., Typhlomys intermedius, etc., and it lacks Palaearctic types. It is a typical tropical forest fauna, suggesting an environment with a lush forest and a warm and humid climate. The discovery of the Sanhe Gigantopithecus fauna is significant for establishing the chronological stages of the Gigantopithecus faunas in China, and for discussing their origin, evolution and dynamics.
ISI Document Delivery No.: 413IX Times Cited: 0 Cited Reference Count: 20 Jin ChangZhu Qin DaGong Pan WenShi Tang ZhiLu Liu JinYi Wang Yuan Deng ChengLong Zhang YingQi Dong Wei Tong HaoWen SCIENCE CHINA PRESS