Record Details

Lozano Alarcon, F.;Bradley, G. A.;Houser, B. S.;Visvesvara, G. S.
Primary amebic meningoencephalitis due to Naegleria fowleri in a South American tapir
Veterinary Pathology
Journal Article
Acanthamoeba spp. Balamuthia mandrillaris primary amebic meningoencephalitis Naegleria fowleri tapir Tapirus terrestris Agent infections animals humans Tapir Bibliography
Naegleria fowleri, Acanthamoeba spp., and Balamuthia mandrillaris are known to cause fatal central nervous system (CNS) disease in human beings. N, fowleri causes acute, fulminating primary amebic meningoencephalitis (PAM), which generally leads to death within 10 days. Acanthamoeba spp. and B. mandrillaris cause chronic granulomatous amebic encephalitis, which may last for 8 weeks. Acanthamoeba spp. and B. mandrillaris also cause CNS disease in animals. N. fowleri, however, has been described only in human beings. This report is the first of PAM in an animal, a South American tapir. Dry cough, lethargy, and coma developed in the animal, and its condition progressed to death. At necropsy, lesions were seen in the cerebrum, cerebellum, and lungs. The CNS had severe, suppurative meningoencephalitis with many neutrophils, fibrin, plasma cells, and amebas. Amebas were 6.5 mu m to 9 mu m in diameter and had a nucleus containing a large nucleolus. Amebas in the sections reacted with a monoclonal antibody specific for N. fowleri in the immunofluorescent assay and appeared bright green.
Article 0300-9858